The Newport defender jailed for vicious assault set to face Tottenham in FA Cup

first_img David Pipe, right, captained Newport County to Conference play-off victory in 2013 1 For David Pipe, simply playing football again is an achievement on its own considering where he was a few years ago.In 2010, he was jailed for 38 months for fracturing the skull of another man in an unprovoked attack in Bristol.Pipe, 26 at the time, hit Rhys Morris over the head with a wine bottle outside a nightclub in September 2009 and pleaded guilty to wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily harm.He feared his career was over, but was able to maintain his fitness by getting a job in the gym and playing football again when he was moved to an open prison after 13 months.“The last words of the judge who sent me down were: ‘You’ll never play professional football again,’” he told The Sun in an exclusive interview ahead of Newport’s fourth round FA Cup tie against Tottenham.And it didn’t take long for the reality of the terrible crime he had committed to dawn on him.“I saw two lads from my wing carried out on boards and covered in black bags,” he recalled. “They were both under the age of 35, they had both taken their own lives.“That wasn’t nice to see, especially when it’s 20 yards from where your bed is.”“You can feel sorry for yourself or you can agree with [the judge], but I wanted to prove him wrong and I have done.”Pipe was released in September 2011 and joined Newport in a deal arranged by his then agent, the late Cyrille Regis, whom he was keen to pay tribute to.“He came to visit me in prison whenever I needed him,” he revealed of the former West Brom man whose death at the age of 59 stunned the football world. “He would make phone calls to my mum just to check up on her, so I didn’t have to worry about that from inside.”As a result of the electronic tag Pipe was forced to wear for four months upon his release and the strict curfew he had to adhere to, the Welsh club was a good fit given it was close to his mum’s home near Caerphilly.Shortly afterwards, Newport offered him a short-term contract. He was made club captain the following season and led County to their Conference play-off final win over Wrexham at Wembley in 2013.Read the full interview here.last_img read more

Development trust and big changes in country Modi

first_imgRohtak (Haryana): “Development, trust and big changes in the country have marked the 100 days of his government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Sunday, asserting that “we know how to take challenges head-on”.Kicking off the BJP’s campaign for Haryana Assembly election, Modi told a rally here that 130 crore Indians were the inspiration behind the government’s major decisions in various fields from farm sector to national security and took a swipe at the opposition parties, saying they are still numb” from their Lok Sabha polls debacle. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’Referring to Jammu and Kashmir, Modi said the country and the world have witnessed in past 100 days that “India is challenging every challenge”, whether it is decades old or is of future. I have come here in Haryana at a time, when BJP-led NDA government is completing 100 days. In 100 days, some people could not understand, some people are in such a bad state that they are numbed because of poll debacle, he said at the ‘Vijay Sankalp’ rally. These 100 days have been of development, trust and big changes in the country. These 100 days have also been of decisiveness, dedication, good intention”. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&K”Whatever big decisions were taken in past 100 days, the inspiration behind them were only 130 crore Indians, he said, adding, because of your unprecedented support, the government could take major decisions from farm sector to national safety and security. The prime minister said several important laws have been passed in recent months, including to deal with terrorism and for protection of rights of Muslim women. He said a roadmap has been prepared to help different sectors with an intention to strengthen economy and referred to the “historic decisions” for strengthening the banking sector. This is only the beginning and its benefits will be felt in the coming time, he said. We know how to take challenges head-on. Be it the matter of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh or serious water crisis, 130 countrymen have started looking for new solutions,” he said. We are into fulfilling the dreams and expectations of people of J-K and Ladakh with a new thinking. Because of your inspiration, such promises which were made during polls, have now been honoured, he said in an apparent reference to the abrogation of Article 370. Modi said the main priority of BJP governments, be it at the centre or in the states, was to take care of the interests of poor people and referred to steps being taken to ensure better health care, clean drinking water, farmers’ welfare and pension schemes. We do not adopt a piecemeal approach but keep a big target in mind and take all round steps, he said. A roadmap which was never there under previous governments has been prepared for the health sector, he said. The government is focusing on preventive health care services and working towards making health services cheaper and easy to avail, he said. Modi said programmes like Swachh Bharat, Yoga, Ujjwala, Ayurveda and Fit India movement were contributing to controlling diseases. The prime minister said that it was his government’s commitment that each house will get piped water by 2024 and work in this direction had already been started.last_img read more

Jerry Sandusky Will Speak At Sentencing On Tuesday

Lawyer Joe Amendola with Jerry Sandusky.Jerry Sandusky, convicted child molester, will make a statement at his sentencing hearing Tuesday, according to his lawyer, Joe Amendola.Amendola said, “It’s as certain as certain can be” that the former Penn State assistant football coach will address Judge John Cleland and profess his innocence before he is sentenced on 45 counts of child sexual abuse.Nobody else is expected to speak on Sandusky’s behalf during the sentencing hearing Tuesday in Bellefonte, Amendola said.“What I anticipate he’ll say is that he’s innocent,” Amendola said outside the courthouse.The attorney said others, including Sandusky’s wife, have submitted letters on his behalf and that Dottie Sandusky stands by her husband and will attend the sentencing.“He’s going to fight for a new trial,” Amendola said. He said “the important thing” about sentencing for the defense “is it starts the appellate process.”Last week, jurors in Sandusky’s trial said they wished Sandusky is imprisoned for life.Gayle Barnes, a homemaker and former school district employee, said she thinks a lot about the victims, particularly the eight who testified against Sandusky and provided what she considers the critical evidence of guilt. She said he deserves life in prison.“I do still feel good, what we as jurors did,” Barnes said. “I didn’t go there saying off the bat he’s guilty. I needed to listen to every single thing that was said.”Barnes said she has been in touch with a fifth juror and an alternate juror who also plan to attend the sentencing.High school science teacher Joshua Harper, who has bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Penn State, said that he takes pride in having served on the jury, and that the guilty verdict was not a close call. He wants Sandusky “put away for the rest of his life, really.”“This is what prisons are for, you know,” Harper said. “I mean, I don’t think you let a guy loose like that.”He also felt the victim testimony was pivotal.“It was such a consistent pattern of behavior,” Harper said. “It was just so solid. The defense was just so thin. There was no evidence that these kids were lying. Even the minor inconsistencies that the defense tried to bring up — and did bring up — that made it more convincing.” read more

Pump It Up Eric B Rakim Launch First Tour In 20 Years

first_imgRap masters return April–May for first tour in 20 years, a chance to feel living history in your bonesPhilip MerrillGRAMMYs Mar 6, 2018 – 2:19 pm Hip-hop pioneers Eric B. & Rakim have announced their first tour in 20 years beginning April 8 in Boston at the House of Blues, heading south and then west to California, their final date is May 3 at The Fillmore in San Francisco.It might take a moment for those not familiar with the name Eric B. & Rakim that you already know their music. Those in the know will remember that Eric Barrier helped define the meaning of DJ in rap, such as his samples from James Brown hits, while Rolling Stone lauded Rakim on the duo’s 1987 album Paid In Full enthusiastically, writing, “Old-school titan Rakim may still lead the race for Best Rapper Ever, and this album is a big reason why.” Either way, the duo’s music has been etched into American culture.In fact, the phrase “Pump up the volume” is immortal because of Eric B. & Rakim. Their formative musical accomplishments have grown into many new dimensions of rap, hip-hop and DJ excellence. As befits legends returning to the stage, you might want to see what they can do live.Getting The Latest Music News Just Got Easier. Introducing: GRAMMY Bot. Find it On KIK and Facebook Messenger Email Twitter Pump It Up: Eric B. & Rakim Launch First Tour In 20 Years News Facebook Tour To Catch: Eric B. & Rakim Return pump-it-eric-b-rakim-launch-first-tour-20-yearslast_img read more

Mohammed Shami charged with sexual harrassment faces 5 years in prison

first_img Mohammed Shami-Hasin Jahan controversy IBTimes VideoRelated VideosMore videos Play VideoPauseMute0:01/1:19Loaded: 0%0:01Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE-1:18?Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window. COPY LINKAD Loading … Indian cricketer Mohammed Shami with his wife Hasin JahanFacebook/Hasin JahanMohammed Shami has been charged with non-bailable offences by the Kolkata Police under Indian Penal Code 498A and Indian Penal Code 354A for dowry harrassment and sexual harrassment, respectively. Shami has been embroiled in a year-long battle with his wife Hasin Jahan who made these allegations against the Indian pacer.”The chargesheet has been filed against Shami under IPC 498A (for mental and physical torture, and dowry harassment) and 354A (for sexual harassment and assault,” Dip Narayan Pakrashi, public prosecutor in the eastern city of Kolkata, told AFP.”If charges are proved (in court), the punishment may amount to five years imprisonment and fine,” Pakrashi added.The spat between Shami and his wife came to the fore in March 2018 when Hasin Jahan had posted some screenshots alleging that her husband was having an affair. Hasin Jahan had even levelled match fixing accusations against Shami following which he was omitted from the central contracts list by the BCCI pending investigations. BCCI therefore completed their internal investigation on match fixing accusations and gave him a clean chit and reinstated his central contract.  Shami picked up 9 wickets in the series.Daniel Kalisz/Getty ImagesShami had publicly addressed these claims and rubbished them saying that it was all a plan to defame him. Following the personal ordeal, Shami’s on-field performances also took a hit as he failed to pass a fitness test to be excluded from India’s Test match against Afghanistan. But the pace bowler has made a fantastic comeback to cricket as he has been one of India’s premier fast bowlers in Test cricket. His form with the red ball has spilled over to ODI cricket wherein he is expected to be an integral part of India’s World Cup squad. “One man, if I have to single out, over the last five or six months is the man who took the man of the series today (Shami). It hurt him when he got the kick up the backside and he was dropped from the side for [failing] the yo-yo test. Went back, did the hard yards, came back fit and has not broken down since. Across all formats, he has been simply outstanding. Right through this series, whenever he has played, he has given us those early breakthroughs,” Shastri said.”[Shami has been] very impressive. In fact, now that you mention seam position – he was showing Bharat Arun this morning Anderson’s ball comes like this and someone else’s comes like this (gesturing seam positions).” He added that Arun asked Shami to keep doing what he does because there is nobody in world cricket quite like him. “Your seam position, they must be looking at your seam position – the way it is coming out, so stick to that and don’t try to imitate anyone else,” Shastri recounted Arun as saying to Shami.But the recent revelation casts a serious doubt on Shami’s future.center_img Closelast_img read more

UN seeks 920m for Rohingyas

first_imgRohingyas are seen in the shelter camp. Photo: UNBUnited Nations aid agencies and NGO partners on Friday appealed to raise $ 920 million to meet the massive needs of more than 900,000 Rohingyas from Myanmar and over 330,000 vulnerable Bangladeshis in host communities, reports UNB.They, together, launched the 2019 Joint Response Plan (JRP), the third joint humanitarian appeal and builds on achievements made thus far in Geneva in order to further stabilize the situation of Rohingyas and address the humanitarian crisis.Critical aid and services such as food, water, sanitation and shelter represent more than half of the funding needs this year, said the UN refugee agency – UNHCR.Other key sectors of the appeal include health, site management, protection activities including child protection and addressing sexual and gender-based violence, education and nutrition, it said.More than 745,000 Rohingya have fled from Myanmar’s Rakhine state to Bangladesh since August 2017, escaping violence in Myanmar and joining roughly 200,000 others already displaced in the Cox’s Bazar area by previous cycles of violence.With the generosity and support of the Bangladeshi authorities and local communities, who were the first to respond to the emergency, critical needs were met and many lives were saved.”The solidarity shown by the government of Bangladesh and the commitment of humanitarian partners ensured the successful implementation of the first Joint Response Plan in 2018. Moving forward, we reiterate our commitment to meeting the dire needs of this population and urge the international community to support these efforts,” said International Organization for Migration director general Antonio Vitorino.UN high commissioner for refugees Filippo Grandi said their humanitarian imperative today is to stabilise the situation of stateless Rohingyas and their Bangladesh hosts. “We are hoping for timely, predictable and flexible contributions in order to meet the goals of this year’s appeal.”He said but while they tackle these immediate humanitarian needs they must not lose sight of solutions.Grandi repeated his call to Myanmar to take urgent action to address the root causes of this crisis which have persisted for decades, so that people are no longer forced to flee and can eventually return home in safety and dignity.”We encourage countries in this region and beyond to show solidarity with Bangladesh and to support Myanmar to start creating conditions for voluntary, safe and dignified return of Rohingya refugees,” Grandi continued.The new JRP sets out a comprehensive humanitarian effort shaped around three strategic objectives.By bringing together 132 partners – UN agencies, international and national NGOs and government bodies in a collective effort – the Plan aims to deliver protection to refugee women, men, girls and boys, provide life-saving assistance and foster social cohesion.Over the past 12 months aid agencies have worked to improve the conditions across refugee settlements through the support provided under the 2018 JRP — providing basic assistance, upgrading living conditions in the camps and putting in place disaster risk mitigation measures for monsoon and cyclone seasons.The environmental impact of the influx has been reduced, through efforts such as reducing the demand for firewood through provision of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as an alternative cooking and heating fuel.The prevalence of global acute malnutrition, at emergency levels in late 2017, has now dropped below the emergency threshold (from 19 per cent to 12 per cent), food security has improved, immunization coverage has grown to 89 per cent, and women delivering their babies in health facilities has risen from 22 per cent to 40 per cent.Despite these and other achievements, the Rohingya remain in an extremely precarious situation, highlighting the importance of sustained support.Until the root causes of displacement in Myanmar are addressed and refugees are able to voluntarily return in safety and dignity, support must be provided to the Bangladeshi authorities to meet the needs of refugees and the host communities.For example, UNHCR said, the entire refugee population received basic emergency shelter kits to help them cope with the rainy season in 2018, but safer and more robust shelters are now required.Around 860,000 Rohingyas regularly receive food assistance, yet only 240,000 are able to diversify their diet beyond the minimum package of rice, lentils and oil.These resources must be expanded to ensure their nutrition and health. Similarly, continued investments into safe water and sanitation, health and protection services are vital, UNHCR said.The 2018 JRP was funded at 69 per cent, or US$ 655 million received against US$ 950 million requested.last_img read more

Warren ShaddWorlds First AfricanAmerican Piano Maker

first_imgWarren Shadd, the World’s First African-American Piano Maker. (Photo Courtesy of shaddpianos.com)DISTRICT HEIGHTS, Md. — Warren Shadd adorned the walls of his one-story home with several framed artifacts. On one wall hangs photographs of his family – his grandmother, his father, and his mother – all playing musical instruments. Another wall displays a 1969 article from The Washington Daily News about him as a 13-year-old musical prodigy.Of all the remembrances, however, particularly significant to him is a certificate from the District of Columbia Piano Technicians Guild awarded on May 1, 1967 to James H. Shadd, his father, a professional pianist and piano technician. The certificate hangs as a reminder of the rich musical legacy from which he descends, Shadd said.Shadd is a third generation musician, second generation piano technician and first generation piano manufacturer, as well as the first African-American piano manufacturer in the world. It is what he was destined to do, he explained. “I am the chosen one,” he said, without a hint of sarcasm. “Not only am I the first African-American piano manufacturer, but unfortunately, we don’t make any other musical instruments, even down to things like music stands or drumsticks or guitar strings or accessories. So, I’m kind of like the first and only.”His company, SHADD Inc., is headquartered in the Bronx, N.Y., he said, but at his home in Maryland, he houses eight of his creations, including the acoustic concert grand piano played on American Idol last season, and the one Grammy Award-winning gospel singer Richard Smallwood use to record his upcoming album.Smallwood had nothing but praise for Shadd’s pianos. “First of all, for a pianist, it feels and sounds like every piano you’ve ever wanted to play,” he said, “your dream piano in terms of the highs, the lows, the mids, the harmonics. It’s just an incredible piece of work.“Not only does it have wonderful sound, but it’s beautiful, just a gorgeous piece of furniture. I would play it every day.”Producing world-class instruments wasn’t always Shadd’s dream. After withdrawing from Howard University when he got a record deal, he toured as a drummer with famous jazz artists like Sarah Vaughn, Jimmy Smith, Joe Williams, Lionel Hampton, and his aunt, Shirley Horn. He also performed in the Broadway hit musical “Ain’t Misbehavin’” with singer Nell Carter and the original cast until Carter, who went on to television fame, decided she wanted to stop the show and tour privately.“As a musician, you’re out of work immediately,” Shadd said, explaining the unpredictable nature of the industry. “Then you’re trying to catch onto the next [show.] Each time it becomes arduous, and you still have bills to pay.”Shadd said he thought long and hard about how to sustain himself without relying on other people. He said he decided to work on pianos, which he learned to do in his parents’ basement when he in high school. “I took the resources that I had and made something happen out of those particular resources, which actually helped me later on when it came to formulating my ideas of what are the best parts in a piano to make it sound great,” he said.After the death of his father in 1993, Shadd took over his father’s business, Shadd’s Piano Hospital Service. Shadd’s father had been the exclusive piano technician for Howard Theatre, Shadd said. He would go with his father to the theater while he tuned pianos for musicians such as James Brown, Count Basie, [Duke] Ellington, Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, and vocalists Pearl Bailey and Peggy Lee.One day, Shadd was tuning a piano when his client gave him the idea for manufacturing pianos. “Old Mr. Tucker started crying, so I turned around and asked, ‘Mr. Tucker, what’s going on?’” Shadd said.“Mr. Tucker said, ‘Shadd? See that piano?’ He points his finger right where the logo was on the piano. ‘That right there should say ‘Shadd’ because you’re the only one.’“I was like, ‘Okay, Mr. Tucker! I got these ideas!’ I had written down some ideas about how to enhance the volume and the sound of acoustic pianos. So I went down and dusted these old pieces of paper that I wrote four or five years previously, and I started really tinkering around with the piano.”That was the inception of SHADD Inc., he said. Thirteen years later, the company is 60 percent finished with a white acoustic concert grand piano that will go to the Vatican City, he said. “There are certain things that I thought would make my brand super huge immediately,” Shadd said. “[The Vatican] seems untouchable. Unattainable. It’s so way and beyond up there.”Aside from the Vatican, Shadd, whose pianos have been played by jazz pianist Monty Alexander,  singers Gregory Porter and Harry Connick Jr., and a host of other famous jazz musicians, also has aspirations of building a piano for President Barack Obama.Additionally, the company has manufactured a hybrid piano with features like speakers on the front of the piano, a bench with surround sound speakers, screens to allow for interactive virtual teaching and learning, and many other innovative accessories. “We tested for over a year with autistic, deaf, and blind children,” Shadd said. “This will be great assistive technology.”ReeRinn, a partially deaf pianist and teacher, expressed excitement when she was introduced to Shadd’s pianos. Numerous childhood ear infections left Rinn unable to detect high register sounds, and though she received a bachelor’s degree in music, Rinn said she was never able to hear the last 10 notes on the piano until she heard Shadd’s hybrid piano.“I suddenly found myself nearly in tears when I realized I could hear piano notes I had never heard before,” she said.”This was astonishing to me and an immensely moving experience.”Shadd recalled her reaction when she first heard the piano. “She started screaming out, ‘I can hear it! I can hear it! I don’t know what this is!’” he said.”That might have been my greatest moment.”SHADD Inc. is building more models of the interactive hybrid, he said, as well as a keyboard version of it, which he plans to ship to children in impoverished communities and developing countries.Shadd said that though he has received a great deal of recognition and though his last name does appear in large letters on both sides of his pianos, he says it’s more about paying homage to those who nurtured him to be the businessman he is today. “I have so much respect for my family name,” he said. “I just continued that name, which is my name, with respect. It has a lot to do with paying homage to the blood, sweat and tears of my father. It was playing homage to all of the family, my grandmother, my grandfather . . . all the people that were super engaged in music.”last_img read more

Physicists Build a Quantum Gambling Machine

first_imgPhysicists have realized a quantum gambling machine using optical elements. From a helium-neon laser, a polarizer generates a single photon in a definite polarization state (horizontal or vertical). Then, Alice uses half wave plate 1 to transfer the definite state into a superposition state to alter the probability of the photon’s destination. The beam is split in the calcite beam splitter into beams A and B. Then Bob splits beam B with half wave plate 3 to influence the photon’s destination, and the second calcite beam splitter superposes beams B’ and A. Finally, three detectors labeled D1, D2, and D3 detect the photon in state B, B’, or A, respectively. Credit: Zhang, et al. Highest energy photons ever recorded coming from Crab Nebula This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Physicists Build a Quantum Gambling Machine (2008, April 30) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-04-physicists-quantum-gambling-machine.html But in quantum gambling, this kind of cheating is impossible, opening up the possibility for remote gambling. Researchers Yong-Sheng Zhang and colleagues from the University of Science and Technology of China have built such a quantum gambling machine using optical elements, which they describe in a recent issue of Europhysics Letters. “As far as I know, this is the first demonstration of a quantum gambling machine since L. Goldenberg et al. presented it in 1999,” Zhang told PhysOrg.com. “It is a toy model of applications of quantum mechanics, and it may be used in real gambling.”First, the machine generates a photon, which has a definite polarization state of either vertical or horizontal. Then, to represent Alice the casino operator, a half wave plate transfers the photon into a superposition of horizontal and vertical states. In an equally distributed state, the photon would be half vertically polarized and half horizontally polarized. Then, a beam splitter splits the photon beam into beam A and beam B. At the end of the machine, there will be a 50-50 chance of the photon ending up in the player Bob’s “box” (his detector, B) or Alice’s detector, A. But the game offers other variables. To alter that 50-50 probability, for instance, Alice has the option of preparing a biased superposition state – for example, one that is more vertically polarized than horizontally polarized, or vice versa. Then, there would be a smaller chance that the photon would end up in Bob’s detector than in Alice’s detector. Quantum gambling machines may not be popping up at futuristic casinos any time soon, but the devices could have other uses – such as enabling physicists to study game theory in situations where cheating is impossible.center_img That’s because, in the quantum domain, opponents can always figure out what choice the other made when the game is over, thanks to superpositions of their actions. In the classical version of the “Pick the Winning Box” game, for example, a casino operator hides a ball in either box A or box B, and a player guesses the box that contains the ball in order to win. If the game were played remotely, the casino operator could easily lie about which box the ball was in if the player chose the winning box. Or, if the boxes were with the player, he could cheat by claiming that he found the ball when he did not. However, Bob has another option besides passively waiting to see if his detector gets the photon. Like Alice, Bob also has a half wave plate, and he can use it to split his beam B into two parts according to a splitting parameter of his choice. Then, one path of his split beam, B’, is superposed back with beam A. He would probably choose a higher splitting parameter if he thought that Alice had chosen a superposition state that was highly biased against putting the photon in his beam. In a sense, splitting his beam B gives Bob a second chance of winning, and – depending on the bet – winning a greater amount.If Bob’s detector doesn’t get the photon, then it will go to either Alice’s detector A or a third detector, B’. If Bob bet on the photon landing in detector A, and it does, then Bob wins a previously agreed sum, while a photon in detector B means Bob loses that sum (i.e. he chose the wrong box, in the classical analogy). Similarly, if he had bet on detector B, and the photon was detected there, he would win that bet, too. But he cannot bet on detector B’. So Bob and Alice both have sway over where the photon ends up. If Bob chooses a high splitting parameter and Alice had chosen a greatly biased superposition state (so that she increased the chance of having the photon in beam A), the photon would be more likely to go to detector A than B’, and Bob would win. But if Alice had chosen a more equal superposition state (so that beam B was just as likely to have the photon), the photon would be more likely to go to detector B’ than detector A, and Bob would lose. In this case, Bob would have been better off choosing a lower splitting parameter, or not splitting his beam at all. In a sense, Bob’s choice of his splitting parameter depends on how equally he thinks Alice prepared the original photon. The researchers figured out the optimal splitting parameter for Bob that would make him the most money for any superposition state that Alice chooses, for a game when Bob’s winnings would be 5 for detector A and 1 for detector B (and losing the same amount if his bet is wrong). They also found that Bob has a greater chance of losing than winning.As the researchers explain, this demonstration of a quantum gambling machine shows that quantum mechanics could have interesting implications in traditional game theory. For instance, quantum gambling might reveal insights into the foundations of game theory, survival games, and quantum communication. And quantum mechanics could also ensure fairness in remote gambling. “It is not clear how this gambling machine can affect people’s lives,” Zhang said. “However, with more and more things being used in gambling and trade [Super Tuesday: Markets Predict Outcome Better Than Polls, Scientific American, Feb. 2008], it can be conjectured that a quantum gambling machine whose security is guaranteed by the laws of physics may have some role in the future.”More information: Zhang, P.; Zhang, Y.-S.; Huang, Y.-F.; Peng, L.; Li, C.-F., and Guo, G.-C. “Optical realization of quantum gambling machine.” Europhysics Letters, 82, (2008) 30002.Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This graph shows that Bob’s optimal splitting parameter has the value 0.27. This choice maximizes his gains over the possible choices that Alice could make for her superposition state (with the black square representing an equal superposition state and the light blue diamond representing a highly biased superposition state). Credit: Zhang, et al. Explore furtherlast_img read more