by Howard Kesten, APA SearchAdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisementWhat are the winning human resources people practices being used by today’s most successful aftermarket companies? What are the tactics utilized by successful career-seekers to always ace their interviews? What are the most common HR myths – believe it or not?For nearly three decades, APA Search has helped numerous aftermarket companies find great talent. We have worked with our clients to help fine-tune their organizational structure as well as develop successful succession strategies.In the coming months, we will share some practices that will help keep your company staffed with the most qualified executives, rather than the most available. If you’re a career-seeker, we’ll provide you with the secret sauce for effective and successful interviewing.Topics for some of our upcoming articles will include:* Simple Steps to Conduct Great Interviews Techniques for remembering and delivering the most important questions.* How to Ace a Job InterviewEasy to remember rules for interviewing at any level. How to really listen and provide honest, well thought out answers.* Telecommuting – How and When Does it Really Work?In what circumstances does telecommuting really work? How to know if someone is a good candidate for telecommuting.* Non-Compete Agreements and the Two-Year Rule Do non-competes hold up? Do all states endorse non-competes? When do they and don’t they work?* A Recruiter Called Me – Now What?You’re at work and a recruiter calls – what do you say? How should you react? What questions do you ask?* Succession Planning and People Readiness Is your company ready if it suffers the loss of a key executive? How do you get ready? How do you work with a small budget? How do you create and execute a simple succession plan?Advertisement* The Real Cost of Hiring the Wrong Candidate What does it really cost when you hire the most available candidate rather than the most qualified? Let’s do the math.Coming up on May 25: What are the winning HR “People Practices” being used by today’s most successful aftermarket companies?For years APA Search has been interviewing both candidates and clients. We have probably engaged in more than 50,000 interviews in all during that time. What did we learn? How are people in the most successful companies (not necessarily the largest) being treated by their employer? Why do we consistently receive unsolicited resumes from employees at some companies and yet never receive unsolicited resumes from employees at other companies? Why are people from some companies happier, more focused and outperforming their peers at other companies? What is the secret sauce?What we’ve learned about winning People Practices came from you – our peers and aftermarket clients. We could probably fill a 500-page textbook with this information, but we will summarize some of the more critical winning practices in a few paragraphs.While you’re waiting, visit www.apasearch.com for more information.
Transport Sports Club yesterday defeated Gandhi Youth Organisation by 27 runs to win their opening match of the Georgetown Cricket Association/Guyana Diabetes Association/Ansa McAl U17 T20 competition. Batting first TSC scored 153-7 and then dismissed GYO, for 126.Opener, Andrew Samaroo top scored with 27 including three successive fours of off Dhanesh Persaud before falling to Dwain Dick in the 11th over.Samaroo added 50 for the first wicket with Rudranauth Kissoon (25) while Onshore Seepersaud contributed 12 and extras accounted for 34. With tournament rules requiring eight overs of pace, GYO only managed to bowl six of the quota and were penalized by 10 runs for every over of pace not bowled. Thus, despite Transport only making 99 from the bat, they reached 153 from their 20 overs. Persaud picked up 2-28 while Dick, Elnathan Suknanan and Krishna Singh picked one wicket each.In the chase, GYO were restricted to 126 all out even though Yeudistir Persaud scored 39 at the top of the order. Responsible batting from Suknanan (17) and Dick (38) helped GYO keep their chances alive but Suknanan played a lifting delivery off of Dave Mohabir to long leg and the pair attempted a third run only to find Dick short of his ground thanks to a rocket like throw from Akash Persaud.Fidel Collins, 2-27, Davanand Khemraj, 2-23 and Samaroo 2-12 ensured Transport secured the win.
A new mental health support program will soon be introduced to secondary school students across Pakenham and Kooweerup. The school-based…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription. By Jessica Anstice
Two points in it and an interesting 35 minutes ahead…. Referee blows Half Time…..Dublin leading Galway 1-9 to 1-7 There will be one minute of injury timeWe have a minute left in the first half….Johnny Heaney for Galway….Dublin 1-9 Galway 1-7Shane Walsh for Galway…..Dublin 1-9 Galway 1-6Another Dublin point…..They now lead by four….Dublin 1-9 Galway 1-5Kilkenny responds for Dublin…Dublin 1-8 Galway 1-5Ian Burke has the ball and they are back within two….Dublin 1-7 Galway 1-5Dublin return with the ball…Con O’Callaghan has it….GOAL DUBLIN….Dublin 1-7 Galway 1-4Walsh…..It’s over the bar….Teams are level….Galway 1-4 Dublin 0-7Ten minutes left in the first half…Another free for Galway……Shane Walsh again will take it….Shane Walsh will take the free and slots it over the bar…..Dublin 0-7 Galway 1-3Ian Burke is fouled…Galway Free to close the gap to a single point….Twenty one minutes gone and Ian Burke gets a point for Galway to close the gap to two…Free Dublin…Dean Rock will take it and slots it over the bar..Dublin 0-7 Galway 1-1NÍL the result….Paul Mannion with an effort but Hawkeye is called….Fifteen Minutes in and Dublin lead 0-6 to 1-1Two Dublin points in a row and the gap is two again in favour of the Dubs.Shane Walsh takes the 45′ but it’s wide…Eamon Brannigan will take the penalty but it’s saved…45′ GalwayDamien Comer…is felled……PENALTY GALWAYBrian Howard has the ball and puts it over the bar….level…1-1 to 0-4Shane Walsh…..Great point…..Galway are in front….Galway 1-1 Dublin 0-3Teams are level after eight minutes….Galway 1-0 Dublin 0-3Galway have another chance…OOH…That was close…….High Ball In…Comer…GOAL GALWAY! Teams are level…Seven Minutes gone in the first half…Dublin free to go three points up….Dean Rock will take it and makes no mistake….Dublin 0-3 Galway 0-0.Free for Dean Rock and he makes no mistake….Dublin 0-2 Galway 0-0Chance for Galway but Damien Comer but puts it wide…A minute gone and Galway trails Dublin by 0-1 to 0-0.Eoghan Kerin slips and Paul Mannion gets Dublin’s first point.The game is on….The referee is Barry CassidyAlmost time for throw in…..The Galway Team To Face Dublin Ollie and Frank Ready For Senior CommentaryAlready, three changes for Galway, Ciaran Duggan Starts at Midfield, Sean Armstrong starts in the Half Forward Line and Johnny Heaney starts in the Half Back Line…We are back….We are taking a small break for a minute…Need to catch our breath after that…FINAL SCORE…GALWAY 3-13 MEATH 2-9GALWAY ARE IN THE ALL-IRELAND MINOR FOOTBALL FINAL!Time is now up…..The referee blows the Full Time Whistle!!!!Galway are on the verge (To quote Sean…..)Paul Kelly seals it for Galway with a great point!Final minute of injury time to be played…..Luke Mitchell with a point and the gap is down to six points…..Two minutes of injury time left…This is remarkable from GalwayRyan Monaghan with the free and he nails it. Galway 3-12 Meath 2-8.Four minutes of Injury time left….Galway wins a freeFive Minutes of injury time to be played…..One minute left…..Ryan Monaghan will take the free…and he gets it! Galway 3-11 Meath 2-8Three minutes left but there will be a bit of injury time in this one….Free Galway….Eanna McCormack the man who has been fouled…Luke Mitchell with a free for Meath….Galway 3-10 Meath 2-8Four Minutes Left plus injury time…..Five minutes left…..Galway go six points up…..Tomo Culhane with a brilliant point for Galway….Galway 3-10 Meath 2-7.Six minutes left….Meath have emptied the bench….Cathal Sweeney is the player who was caught off the ball…Referee sees an off the ball incident…..Oisin McCloskey is given a black card…..Aidan Halloran for Galway and the gap is now five! Galway 3-9 Meath 2-7Conor Raftery now has the ball…..Point Galway….Galway now leads by four….Galway 3-8 Meath 2-7.There are fourteen minutes left and Galway are leading by three…Galway have the ball. Tony Gill in space…GOAL GALWAY! Galway now lead 3-7 to 2-7!Luke Mitchell with a free for Meath and the teams are level…2-7 apiece…Outstanding last few minutes from Galway who have gone from five points down to lead by a single point! 42 minutes gone in the game!Galway again…..Oisin McCormack….GOAL GALWAY AGAIN! Galway 2-7 Meath 2-6Galway chance…..Eoghan Tinney….GOAL GALWAY! Meath 2-6 Galway 1-7Free for Galway…Ryan Monaghan takes it but it goes wide.But Meath respond with two points in a row and the gap is out to five points…Meath 2-6 Galway 0-7Aidan Halloran with a good start for Galway…Meath 2-4 Galway 0-7Second Half is underway and Galway needs a good start….Referee blows the Half Time Whistle…..Meath Leads 2-4 to 0-6A minute left in the first half….Free Meath…..David Bell with the free and Galway trail by four….Luke Kelly for Meath and he could have a goal here…..GOAL…Meath lead 2-3 to 0-6Five minutes left in the first half…..Teams are level and Galway have the breeze in the first half.Great chance for Galway but the Meath keeper makes an excellent save…45′ GalwayEight minutes left in the first half…Halloran again for Galway and the teams are level! Galway 0-6 Meath 1-3.Aidan Halloran with the point for Galway and just a point between the sides…..Meath 1-3 Galway 0-5..Point for Meath….They lead Galway 1-3 to 0-4Daniel Cox with a well taken point for Galway…..Meath 1-2 Galway 0-4…19 minutes gone in the first half.Meath have the ball….They have a chance here…GOAL Meath….They lead 1-2 to 0-3. Luke Mitchell with the goal.Cathal Sweeney again…Galway lead 0-3 to 0-2 with 12 minutes gone.Cathal Sweeney responds for Galway….0-2 all.Meath free…David Bell with the free and they go in front…Meath 0-2 Galway 0-1Galway have hit three wides in the opening ten minutesTen minutes gone…Brian McCormack and the teams are level…0-1 each.Ryan Monaghan will take the 45’……wide…Galway’s first.Chance for Galway…Eoghan Tinney….Good save from the Meath keeper…45′Great work by Galway and Cathal Sweeney opens Galway’s account…Galway 0-1 Meath 0-0..Two minutes gone….The action is underway in the All-Ireland Minor Football Semi-Final!!Teams are out on the fieldTeams are out on the pitch for the Minor Semi-Final..The Galway Minor Team For Today’s Semi-FinalMinor Commentator Tommy Devane is ready to Rock. Tommy is joined by Diarmuid Blake this afternoon..So, the Scene is set…..If you fancy a read, why not check out our look back at 1934 Here or 1983 Here.1934 was when Galway last beat Dublin in the championship and 1983 was the last time they met, that infamous All-Ireland Final that Dublin won.Storm clouds gathering over Croker as well so we could be getting a drop or two of rain throughout the afternoon. Will this be a factor?In the Senior,Galway have made one change to their starting fifteen with Patrick Sweeney coming for Adrian Varley while Dublin have made 9 changes to last week’s win over Roscommon. Niall Scully, Ciaran Kilkenny and Brian Howard occupy the new-look half forward line, with Con’ O’Callaghan, Dean Rock and Paul Mannion playing in front.Johnny Cooper and James McCarthy bolster the Dubs half back line with Brian Fenton coming into midfield.The Galway Minor Team shows two changes from the team that beat Clare in the Quarter Final. Paul Kelly from Maigh Cuilinn starts in midfield alongside team captain Conor Raftery and Oisin Gormally starts in the half forward line.Could be two interesting games with Galway facing Meath in the Minor at 3 and Galway and Dublin in the Senior at 5Good Afternoon everybody and welcome to our Match Tracker for the Minor and Senior All-Ireland Semi-Finals.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email
HUGO LLORIS has offered a grovelling apology to Tottenham and the club’s supporters over his drink driving shame.SunSport exclusively revealed the Spurs keeper was arrested and spent this morning in a cell after being pulled over by police at 2.20am and failing a roadside breathalyser test.4 Tottenham keeper Hugo Lloris has apologised for his drink driving shameCredit: Instagram @alexandrebillardCops confirmed he had been charged with drink driving in the early hours of Friday morning.France and Tottenham captain Lloris, 31, told the Evening Standard: “I wish to apologise wholeheartedly to my family, the club, my team-mates, the manager and all of the supporters.”Drink driving is completely unacceptable, I take full responsibility for my actions and it is not the example I wish to set.”Lloris was stopped by police in Gloucester Place, close to Baker Street, central London.4 Hugo Lloris was charged with drink driving after being pulled over by police at 2.20amCredit: AFP – Getty4 Hugo Lloris has apologised to Tottenham, his family, manager and fans after being charged with drink drivingCredit: AP:Associated PressIt followed an evening out with Arsenal defender Laurent Koscielny and Chelsea striker Olivier Giroud.He was taken to Charing Cross police station where his mug shot, fingerprints and a DNA swab were taken before he was banged up in a cell.It is understood he spent around seven hours in custody before being charged and released on bail to appear at Westminster magistrates’ court next month.The Metropolitan Police said: “A man has been charged following a routine patrol stop in Gloucester Place, W1.MOST READ IN FOOTBALLRETRACING STEPSJack Charlton’s granddaughter Emma Wilkinson ‘would love’ to visit IrelandROY RAGEFurious Roy Keane launched foul-mouthed rant at Pique over Fabregas friendshipPicturedTOP FORMBrazil icon Ronaldo soaks up sun with partner Celina Locks on yacht in FormenteraPicturedON THE PAOLPaolo Maldini shows off shredded physique at 52 while on holiday with wifeExclusiveLOCK CLOWNPaul Scholes flouts local lockdown rules by throwing huge 7-hour birthday bashLive BlogUNITED LATESTMan Utd transfer news LIVE: All the gossip and updates from Old Trafford“Hugo Lloris, 31, of East Finchley, was charged with drink driving on Friday, 24 August.“He has been bailed to return to Westminster magistrates’ court on Tuesday, 11 September.”4 Tottenham captain Hugo Lloris’ place in the team for Monday’s clash against Manchester United is in doubtCredit: PA:Empics SportFather-of-two Lloris was pictured with World Cup winning France team-mate Giroud and fellow countryman Koscielny – who missed the Russia tournament through injury – the night before his arrest.They and a group of friends had been dining at posh Mayfair restaurant Bagatelle, where a pizza costs £34.Lloris’ Spurs face Manchester United on Monday evening at Old Trafford.But his place in the starting XI could now be at risk.A Tottenham spokesperson said: “The club takes matters such as this extremely seriously and it will be dealt with internally.”Large bug lands on France’s Hugo Lloris mouth in World Cup match against Uruguay
Thinking of buying a new car in the coming months? Then you’ve no doubt heard about Personal Contract Plans or PCPs. Here, the Letterkenny Credit Union advisors explain what these agreements really mean and share a guide on getting the best deal on car finance:PCPs car finance agreements have been getting a lot of attention – and not always for the right reasons. The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) recently released the first public analysis of PCPs in Ireland. The report found that a third of new car purchases in Ireland are now financed by PCP agreements. In 2016, a significant €805 million was extended to consumers in PCP finance – a considerable increase of 65% on 2015. The CCPC says however that because of the complexity of these agreements, there is a concern that consumers do not fully understand how they work. In particular, they say there is a doubt that consumers are fully aware of the balloon payments at the end of a PCP agreement. The CCPC is of the view that further protection is needed in Ireland for consumers availing of these agreements.* Paul Hume, Chairperson of Letterkenny Credit Union said: “For many, headline rates on PCP agreements can at first look more attractive, but these can easily distract from the range of additional charges and a good deal of inflexibility. Paul explains: “Essentially PCPs are lease schemes. The buyer has in effect, hired the car for a particular period of time while they make payments. At the end of the agreement, they will have to make a balloon payment in order to own the car. “With a traditional car loan, the person simply borrows the money to pay for a car, which they own immediately. They can also sell the car on at any time they wish, should they need to, whereas they do not have this option with a PCP.”There is further detail in the ‘small print’ of a PCP agreement which consumers should be aware of. They will, for example, need to be conscious of the mileage they are clocking up, because the balloon payment at the end of the agreement will have been calculated with their annual mileage in mind. On the other hand, if a consumer takes out a car loan before purchasing a car, they are effectively going as a cash buyer to the car dealer and are in a far better position to negotiate a deal. Paul continued: “At Letterkenny Credit Union we offer a car loan with an APR rate of 7.5%** which is typically approved within 24 hours. There are no hidden fees or administration charges with our loan, and we are always happy to work with our members to arrange repayments in a way that best suits their individual circumstances. “We would really encourage anyone thinking of buying a new or used car in the coming weeks to contact us at Letterkenny Credit Union before making any decisions. “We are happy to see all our members, no matter how long it has been, and of course we are always happy to chat to anyone who has never been a credit union member.”For further information just contact the LKCU loans team on 0749102126 or email email@example.com*CCPC; Personal Contract Plans – The Irish Market. March 2018** For a €30,000, 5 year variable interest rate loan with 60 monthly repayments of €497.88, an interest Rate of 7.24%, a representative APR of 7.5%, the total amount payable by the member is €29,871.16 Information correct as at 30/10/2018. Are you getting the best deal on car finance? was last modified: November 22nd, 2018 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:car financecar loanLetterkenny Credit Unionpcp
By Lizzie WadeNov. 8, 2018 , 2:00 PM Ancient Beringian (MAP) C. POSTH ET AL., CELL, 175 (2018) ADAPTED BY J. YOU/SCIENCE; (DATA) J. MORENO-MAYAR ET AL., SCIENCE 10.1126/SCIENCE.AAV2621 Eske Willerslev A trail of DNA Two new papers add DNA from 64 ancient individuals to the sparse genetic record of the Americas. They show that people related to the Anzick child, part of the Clovis culture, quickly spread across both North and South America about 13,000 years ago. Team leader David Reich Lagoa Santa10,400–9600 years agoAustralasian ancestry Spirit Cave10,700 years ago Craig Stennett/Alamy Stock Photo Anzick12,700 years ago For decades, scientists could describe the peopling of the Americas only in broad strokes, leaving plenty of mysteries about when and how people spread across the continents. Now, state-of-the-art ancient DNA methods, applied to scores of new samples from around the Americas, are filling in the picture. Two independent studies, published in Cell and online in Science, find that ancient populations expanded rapidly across the Americas about 13,000 years ago. They also emphasize that the story continued in the thousands of years since, revealing previously undocumented, large-scale movements between North and South America.The data include 64 newly sequenced ancient DNA samples from Alaska to Patagonia, spanning more than 10,000 years of genetic history. “The numbers [of samples] are just extraordinary,” says Ben Potter, an archaeologist at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks. Prior to these studies, only six genomes older than 6000 years from the Americas had been sequenced. As a result, says Jennifer Raff, an anthropological geneticist at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, “The [genetic] models that we’ve been using to explain the peopling of the Americas have always been oversimplified.”Eske Willerslev, an evolutionary geneticist at the University of Copenhagen who led the Science team, worked closely with the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe in Nevada to gain access to some of the new samples. The tribe had been fighting to repatriate 10,700-year-old remains found in Nevada’s Spirit Cave and had resisted destructive genetic testing. But when Willerslev visited the tribe in person and vowed to do the work only with their permission, the tribe agreed, hoping the result would bolster their case for repatriation.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)It did. Willerslev found that the remains from Spirit Cave are most closely related to living Native Americans. That strengthened the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe’s claim to the bones, which were returned to them in 2016 and reburied. Willerslev’s study validates that “this is our homeland, these are our ancestors,” says Rochanne Downs, the tribe’s cultural coordinator.Willerslev added the Spirit Cave data to 14 other new whole genomes from sites scattered from Alaska to Chile and ranging from 10,700 to 500 years old. His data join an even bigger trove published in Cell by a team led by population geneticist David Reich of Harvard Medical School in Boston. They analyzed DNA from 49 new samples from Central and South America dating from 10,900 to 700 years old, at more than 1.2 million positions across the genome. All told, the data decisively dispel suggestions, based on the distinctive skull shape of a few ancient remains, that early populations had a different ancestry from today’s Native Americans. “Native Americans truly did originate in the Americas, as a genetically and culturally distinctive group. They are absolutely indigenous to this continent,” Raff says. Upward Sun River11,500 years ago SouthernNative Americans Monte Verde14,500+ years ago The two studies also provide an unprecedented view of how ancient Americans moved across the continent beginning about 13,000 years ago. Previous genetic work had suggested the ancestors of Native Americans split from Siberians and East Asians about 25,000 years ago, perhaps when they entered the now mostly drowned landmass of Beringia, which bridged the Russian Far East and North America. Some populations stayed isolated in Beringia, and Willerslev sequenced one new example of such an “Ancient Beringian,” 9000-year-old remains from Alaska’s Seward peninsula. Meanwhile, other groups headed south. At some point, those that journeyed south of the ice sheets split into two groups—”Southern Native Americans” and “Northern Native Americans” (also sometimes called Ancestral A and B lineages), who went on to populate the continents.By looking for genetic similarities between far-flung samples, both papers add detail—some of it puzzling—to this pattern. The 12,700-year-old Anzick child from Montana, who is associated with the mammoth-hunting Clovis culture, known for their distinctive spear points, provided a key reference point. Willerslev detected Anzick-related ancestry in both the Spirit Cave individual—who is associated with western stemmed tools, a tradition likely older than Clovis—and 10,000-year-old remains from Lagoa Santa in Brazil. Reich’s team found an even closer relationship between Anzick and 9300- to 10,900-year-old samples from Chile, Brazil, and Belize.Those close genetic affinities at similar times but across vast distances suggest people must have moved rapidly across the Americas, with little time to evolve into distinct genetic groups. Reich’s team argues that Clovis technology might have spurred this rapid expansion. But anthropological geneticist Deborah Bolnick of the University of Connecticut in Storrs notes the Anzick-related ancestry group may have been broader than the Clovis people, and doubts that the culture was a driver.Willerslev also finds traces of this Anzick-related ancestry in later samples from South America and Lovelock Cave in Nevada. But in Reich’s data it fades starting about 9000 years ago in much of South America, suggesting “a major population replacement,” he says.After that population turnover in South America, both teams see striking genetic continuity in many regions. But that doesn’t mean no one moved around. Reich’s group sees a new genetic signal entering the central Andes about 4200 years ago, carried by people who are most closely related to ancient inhabitants of the Channel Islands, off Southern California. Meanwhile, Willerslev’s team detects ancestry related to the present-day Mixe, an Indigenous group from Oaxaca in Mexico, spreading to South America about 6000 years ago and North America about 1000 years ago. Neither of these migrations replaced local communities, but rather mixed with them. Both teams say they could be seeing the same signal, but “without comparing the data, it’s really hard to tell,” says archaeogeneticist Cosimo Posth of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany, the first author of the Cell paper.Just as mysterious is the trace of Australasian ancestry in some ancient South Americans. Reich and others had previously seen hints of it in living people in the Brazilian Amazon. Now, Willerslev has provided more evidence: telltale DNA in one person from Lagoa Santa in Brazil, who lived 10,400 years ago. “How did it get there? We have no idea,” says geneticist José Víctor Moreno-Mayar of the University of Copenhagen, first author of the Willerslev paper.The signal doesn’t appear in any other of the team’s samples, “somehow leaping over all of North America in a single bound,” says co-author and archaeologist David Meltzer of Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. He wonders whether that Australasian ancestry was confined to a small population of Siberian migrants who remained isolated from other Native American ancestors throughout the journey through Beringia and the Americas. That suggests individual groups may have moved into the continents without mixing.Delighted as they are with the data in the new studies, scientists want more. Meltzer points out that none of the new samples can illuminate what’s happening at pre-Clovis sites such as Chile’s Monte Verde, which was occupied 14,500 years ago. And Potter notes that, “We have a huge, gaping hole in the central and eastern North American [sampling] record. … These papers aren’t the final words.” One Eight Previously published Lapa do Santo9600 years ago Ancient DNA confirms Native Americans’ deep roots in North and South America Sample size The Suruí from the Brazilian Amazon carry traces of Australasian ancestry, now confirmed to have arrived in South America more than 10,400 years ago. NorthernNative Americans Lovelock Cave2000–600 years ago
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say SNAPPED: Rashford talks up Solskjaer’s glory days after Man Utd trainingby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United mad Marcus Rashford admits he’s living a dream playing for new manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer.Rashford snapped a moment involving teammates Jesse Lingard and Anthony Martial along with Solskjaer during training in Dubai yesterday.Rashford then posted to Twitter with a reference to Solskjaer’s iconic winner against Bayern Munich in the 1999 Champions League final.”Seconds left.. Becks whipped in a perfect corner. Teddy flicked it on. The rest is history” @ManUtdpic.twitter.com/JFGqwUHZLP— Marcus Rashford (@MarcusRashford) January 7, 2019
TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Chelsea make €25M contract offer to Cagliari midfielder Nicolo Barellaby Carlos Volcano9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea have offered Cagliari midfielder Nicolo Barella a massive contract package to move to London this month.TMW says a five-year deal worth €5m-a-season has been tabled to the Italy U21 international.Chelsea have also offered Cagliari a massive €55m for the Sardinians to sell.Barella is a specific request of Blues boss Maurizio Sarri, while his No2 Gianfranco Zola has been on the phone to the player regularly about life at Cobham.However, the player is still to be convinced about leaving for abroad at this stage in his career.
The political feud between Alberta and British Columbia over the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion could spell “advantage” for Rachel Notley.“I think she’s been quite strategic,” Mount Royal University Political Science Professor Lori Williams explained. “Some people, I’m sure, have wondered along the way whether she was taking the best tact, but it looks like what she’s done, up until this point, has made a difference.”Williams admitted the Alberta Premier’s strategy has been authoritative and effective thus far, and should the Kinder Morgan project move into production, triumph could lead to future political success. “Of course, that’s not all due to Rachel Notley’s moves on this,” Williams qualified. “But she’s been an important part of that and, I think, can claim a significant victory in the progress that’s been made on that count. Justin Trudeau, of course, has something to claim there, as well.”United Conservative Party (UCP) leader Jason Kenney previously noted Notley was giving away Alberta’s bargaining leverage, and even quipped, he’d love to play a game of poker with her some time.“With things in limbo, as they are right now, there’s not a lot that he can do to get a lot of attention,” Williams said of the UCP leader.“The person making the decisions, the one who’s engaging in negotiations, the one who’s trying to move this forward, the one who’s in power is Rachel Notley,” she confirmed. “The other thing is that Jason Kenney, for the most part, agrees with most of the moves that have been made by Rachel Notley, up until this point,” the political science professor said, when asked if the expansion project could become an election issue.“A lot’s going to be going on between now and the next election,” she added. “There’ll be lots for Jason Kenney to say about this and other issues.”Albertans next vote for a provincial leader on or before May 31, 2019.