Leeds’ value reported as Radrizzani holds more takeover talks with PSG’s owners

first_imgLeeds chief Andrea Radrizzani has reportedly travelled to Paris to hold further takeover talks with PSG’s owners Qatar Sports Investment.The Italian businessman was at the Parc des Princes to watch PSG’s Champions League win over Club Brugge as the guest of Nasser Al-Khelaifi,  who is the head of the state-owned company. Top scorer in 2019: Messi, Mbappe and Sterling trailing Europe’s top marksman update Al-Khelaifi is close with Radrizzani from when the latter ran the sports marketing agency MP & Silva, which sold football TV rights.And French media outlet L’Equipe report that QSI values Leeds between £50million and £70m.Last month, Radrizzani revealed two other offers were under consideration – one is from a US-based lifelong Leeds fan, and the other is from the owner of an Italian football club.“I have been approached by more than 20 parties and I have selected these three,” Radrizzani said.“The option of Qatar Sports Investment and Nasser — first of all they are friends, we have had a good relationship for a long time. Secondly, they have the possibility to bring this club to compete with Manchester City, so for the fans that could be a fantastic opportunity.” According to The Times, the pair are set to continue discussions a possible takeover bid, with Radrizzani admitting last month he received an offer which could see Leeds ‘compete with Manchester City’.The football tycoon admitted he is open to outside investment and has already sold a 10 per cent stake to 49ers Enterprises, the finance entity behind NFL franchise the San Francisco 49ers.QSI view the Yorkshire club as a potential long-term project and despite their desire to buy a minority stake initially, their ultimate goal is to own the club outright in the coming years. latest statement Strugglers Wigan hold Blackburn to goalless draw in Championship Getty Images – Getty appointed LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS 1 stalemate Pep Guardiola gives Man City injury update and talks Christmas schedule Leeds owner Radrizzani is set to continue talks with PSG’s owners over a takeover bid LATEST rookie error Liverpool transfer news live: Mbappe latest, Lille star wants to join Reds in future Chelsea fan arrested for allegedly racially abusing Heung-min Son Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Steve Round reveals how Mikel Arteta convinced him to join Arsenal staff Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ PEP TALK Spurs investigation into alleged racial abuse of Rudiger is so far ‘inconclusive’ targets on target Ian Holloway thinks Arsenal have made a mistake in hiring Mikel Arteta last_img read more

Are you getting the best deal on car finance?

first_imgThinking of buying a new car in the coming months? Then you’ve no doubt heard about Personal Contract Plans or PCPs. Here, the Letterkenny Credit Union advisors explain what these agreements really mean and share a guide on getting the best deal on car finance:PCPs car finance agreements have been getting a lot of attention – and not always for the right reasons. The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) recently released the first public analysis of PCPs in Ireland. The report found that a third of new car purchases in Ireland are now financed by PCP agreements. In 2016, a significant €805 million was extended to consumers in PCP finance – a considerable increase of 65% on 2015. The CCPC says however that because of the complexity of these agreements, there is a concern that consumers do not fully understand how they work. In particular, they say there is a doubt that consumers are fully aware of the balloon payments at the end of a PCP agreement. The CCPC is of the view that further protection is needed in Ireland for consumers availing of these agreements.* Paul Hume, Chairperson of Letterkenny Credit Union said: “For many, headline rates on PCP agreements can at first look more attractive, but these can easily distract from the range of additional charges and a good deal of inflexibility. Paul explains: “Essentially PCPs are lease schemes. The buyer has in effect, hired the car for a particular period of time while they make payments. At the end of the agreement, they will have to make a balloon payment in order to own the car. “With a traditional car loan, the person simply borrows the money to pay for a car, which they own immediately. They can also sell the car on at any time they wish, should they need to, whereas they do not have this option with a PCP.”There is further detail in the ‘small print’ of a PCP agreement which consumers should be aware of. They will, for example, need to be conscious of the mileage they are clocking up, because the balloon payment at the end of the agreement will have been calculated with their annual mileage in mind. On the other hand, if a consumer takes out a car loan before purchasing a car, they are effectively going as a cash buyer to the car dealer and are in a far better position to negotiate a deal. Paul continued: “At Letterkenny Credit Union we offer a car loan with an APR rate of 7.5%** which is typically approved within 24 hours. There are no hidden fees or administration charges with our loan, and we are always happy to work with our members to arrange repayments in a way that best suits their individual circumstances. “We would really encourage anyone thinking of buying a new or used car in the coming weeks to contact us at Letterkenny Credit Union before making any decisions. “We are happy to see all our members, no matter how long it has been, and of course we are always happy to chat to anyone who has never been a credit union member.”For further information just contact the LKCU loans team on 0749102126 or email loans@letterkennycu.ie*CCPC; Personal Contract Plans – The Irish Market. March 2018** For a €30,000, 5 year variable interest rate loan with 60 monthly repayments of €497.88, an interest Rate of 7.24%, a representative APR of 7.5%, the total amount payable by the member is €29,871.16 Information correct as at 30/10/2018. Are you getting the best deal on car finance? was last modified: November 22nd, 2018 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:car financecar loanLetterkenny Credit Unionpcplast_img read more

DD Motoring: Where on earth is like the hills of Donegal?

first_imgWho would ever dream that Radio Luxembourg once sponsored the Donegal International Rally, well they did.That’s what the event meant to the people that competed on it back in its infancy.When the world-famous Derry born songwriter, Phil Coulter heard that the Donegal Motor Club were without a sponsor for the event in the mid 70’s. Advertisement Back then Phil was a competitor and, also a friend of Cathal Curley’s, who won the event three years on the trot. Phil was a hit with Donegal Motor Club when he convinced one of the most famous radio stations of its time to believe in and sponsor the Donegal Rally.Former winner of the Donegal International Rally Cathal Curley and John Lyons on a trip down memory lane at the launch of Deja Vu Donegal in Aid of the Donegal Hospice. Photo Brian McDaidThat was one of the best rally ever. Achim Warmbold arrived in Donegal from Germany, and to this day we still can’t pronounce his name properly but we will never forget his zebra looking green and white BMW, which never put a foot wrong all weekend in the summer of ’75.Warnbold was world Rally Material winning in Poland and Austria outright in ’73. Now he was swapping the Alpine hills of Austria for the Hills of Donegal.This is only one year in the nearly 50 years that the Deja Vu Donegal is hoping to celebrate Advertisement First Secretary“Ah, Hello Brian.. it’s Phonsie McElwee here… There’s a press conference down here at the moment at the Donegal Oil Company…. Don’t know if you were notified…  but if you’re about.. sure take a wee run down… sure… Thanks, Brian.”That was the call this week to me from a founder member and first-ever secretary of the Donegal Motor Club, Milford’s Phonsie McElwee invited as a guest to the press conference but on the phone this Tuesday morning working away in the background to steer the first Déjà vu Donegal into the County for its press conference.Thumbs up from James Cullen, Cathal Curley and John Lyons, who between them won the Donegal International Rally an amazing seven times. They were special guests pictured at the Deja Vu Donegal press launch in Letterkenny pictured with Grace Boyle Donegal Hospice and Phonsie McElwee the first secretary of the Donegal International rally all them years ago. They are pictured at the door of a replica Porsche 911 that first won the event in the 70’s – Photo Brian McDaidEven when you’re not on the committee or the secretary it’s second nature for Phonsie and people like him down through the years to go into an automatic when a bit of promotion of the rally is needed.So what is a Déjà vu Donegal?  This event is a more leisurely tour retracing the great stages and stopping off at some of the great locations that instantly say Donegal Rally since it began back in the 1970s. If you have a car that was rallied back in the day or a replica car, this is the event for you.Former winners like Cathal Curley are taking part in the weekend drive which will end with a gala dinner at Jacksons Hotel, which is the rally headquarters for the forthcoming event.Beatty Crawford and Alan Tyndall are the men behind the Déjà Vu’s this will be their fifth event. Beatty Crawford was a former winner of the Circuit of Ireland with Adrian Boyd in an Mk1 Ford Escort.Deja Vu with that famous numberplate of the winner of the Donegal Rally in the early seventies in the hands of CB Curley on a Porsche 911 at the press conference this week at the Donegal Oil Company. Photo Brian McDaid.To name just one of his many success. In Donegal, it was his brother Esler Crawford that put  Donegal on the map in print as one of the best if not the best motorsport photographers to stand on a ditch in Donegal come rally time. Beatty, who is a doctor by profession, recalled working with his brother back in the day heading into the news editors at publications like the Belfast Telegraph and flogging his brother’s images of the first Donegal Rally then patiently waiting the following day to see if the paper used any.Grace Boyle chairperson for the Donegal Hospice pictured with James Cullen double winner of the Donegal International Rally and also served as Clerk of the Course for the event pictured with Phone McElwee founder member and first Secretary of the Donegal Motor Club pictured at the Launch of the Deja Vuu Donegal 2019. Photo Brian McDaid.On Tuesday for the Déjà Vu, nothing had changed as Beatty was working the floor with the press that turned up to cover the conference.“Get Cullen into one there.”James Cullen, he’s was the big local hero.“Brian, make sure you get the Hospice sign in the background, That’s Jim Callaghan over there get a shot of him, he was the Clerk of the Course.”There’s only one plumPlum and Donegal Rally go together just like Castrol R is to a Mini. Neither is complete without the other.Just listening to Plum’s voice (Alan Tyndall) talking about the forthcoming déjà vu Donegal and him mentioning the great Donegal Stages on the rally that he made household names around the rally world through us TV production RPM.Make the dateThe organisers are anticipating that around 130 crews plan to make Donegal their destination on the 30th and 31st of August so if you have memories of the Donegal and a motor and wanted to relive them the registration for this event in Donegal opens on the 1st of February by going on the RPM website. Where entrants can avail of an early bird rate.Donegal HospiceTo date, Déjà Vu and the events it has organised so far have raised over €100,000 for charities, and this year’s event hopes to continue in that fundraising path by nominating the Donegal Hospice as the local charity to benefit from the weekend’s nostalgia.Roads used on the Donegal over the years like Glen, Atlantic Drive and even that classic of the early years like the “Round the houses” stage in Ramelton will all be included on the 120-mile tour.Jim Callaghan Former Clerk of the Course and his son Gerard with Double winner John Lyons at the press conference for Deja Vu Donegal 2019 which will run in August 30th and 31st Photo Brian McDaid.At the press conference at the Donegal Oil Company offices this week three multi winners of the Donegal International who notched up 7 victories between them. Derry’s Cathal Curley.Anne Mc Gowan from the Donegal Hospice pictured with three times winner of the Donegal Cathal Curley at the press conference for the forthcoming Deja Vu Donegal 2019 in aid of the Donegal Hospice. Photo Brian McDaid.Tyrone’s John Lyons and Donegal’s James Cullen. Memories of 911’s,  Downtown Radio RS 1800’s and pink Sierras came to mind as the winning drivers posed for pictures at a replica of the standard Porsche that CB won the second Donegal in back in ‘73Jumper LeadsIf you have memories of Donegal’s past or even of friends or loved ones that have passed from this earth, but gave joy to the tens of thousands of spectators that came to Donegal over that June weekend every year, be them seeded at number 1 number 51 or number 151, get the jump leads out, relight the spark on their behalf.There is Avengers Sunbeams and Escorts sitting waiting forgotten that were built in sheds on long Donegal winter nights so long summers days on a weekend in June could be enjoyed.The buzz, the craic. the friends, the competition, and the memories.Happy Motoring Folks.DD Motoring: Where on earth is like the hills of Donegal? was last modified: January 24th, 2019 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Brian McDaiddonegal hospicedonegal international rallylast_img read more

New Jersey ~ Corporate, Personal Income Taxes: Failure of a Shareholder Trust to Make New Jersey ESBT Election Did Not Remove S Corporation Status

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportIn a letter ruling the New Jersey Division of Taxation, Regulatory Services Branch, stated that under the New Jersey gross (personal) income tax an S corporation could have a shareholder that was a trust that did not elect to become a New Jersey Electing Small Business Trust (ESBT) and still not lose its New Jersey S corporation status. The taxpayer would still have to properly file Form CBT-2553, New Jersey S Corporation or New Jersey QSSS Election. Further, the trust would need to file Form NJ-1041, Fiduciary Return, and compute its tax in the same manner as a regular (non-ESBT) trust. The taxpayer was an S corporation for federal income tax purposes. One of its shareholders was a trust that historically had been a grantor trust. However, the trust lost its grantor trust status and then elected to be taxed as an ESBT for federal tax purposes. If the trust had not made the federal ESBT election, the taxpayer would have lost its status as an S corporation for federal income tax purposes because it would have had an ineligible shareholder. A trust can only become an ESBT for New Jersey tax purposes if it affirmatively files a New Jersey ESBT election. In New Jersey, the election to be treated as an ESBT is not a mandatory election. Thus, a federal ESBT is permitted to file Form NJ-1041, Fiduciary Return, when the New Jersey ESBT election has not been made. Further, if the trust did not elect to be a New Jersey ESBT and file Form NJ-1041SB, Fiduciary Return Electing Small Business Trust, the New Jersey S corporation’s status would not be affected by the shareholder’s type of trust.LR: 2016-1-GIT, New Jersey Division of Taxation, September 28, 2016, ¶401-994last_img read more

Georgia ~ Multiple Taxes: Relief to Hurricane Matthew Victims Updated to Include Additional Counties

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportThe Georgia Department of Revenue has updated its announcement concerning state tax relief to the victims of Hurricane Matthew to include Brantley, Candler, Emanuel, Evans, Jenkins, Long, Pierce, Tattnall and Toombs counties. (TAXDAY, 2016/10/19, S.2 )The updated news release can be viewed on the department’s website at http://dor.georgia.gov.Press Release, Georgia Department of Revenue, October 26, 2016last_img

Podcast: Race and disease risk and Berlin’s singing nightingales

first_img Noncancerous tumors of the uterus—also known as fibroids—are extremely common in women. One risk factor, according to the scientific literature, is “black race.” But such simplistic categories may actually obscure the real drivers of the disparities in outcomes for women with fibroids, according to this week’s guest. Host Meagan Cantwell speaks with Jada Benn Torres, an associate professor of anthropology at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, about how using interdisciplinary approaches— incorporating both genetic and cultural perspectives—can paint a more complete picture of how race shapes our understanding of diseases and how they are treated.In our monthly books segment, book review editor Valerie Thompson talks with David Rothenberg, author of the book Nightingales in Berlin: Searching for the Perfect Sound, about spending time with birds, whales, and neuroscientists trying to understand the aesthetics of human and animal music.This week’s episode was edited by Podigy.Download the transcript (PDF)Listen to previous podcasts.About the Science Podcast[Image: Carlos Delgado/Wikipedia; Matthias Ripp/Flickr; Music: Jeffrey Cook] Carlos Delgado/Wikipedia; Matthias Ripp/Flickr last_img read more

Rex Singh becomes first cricketer from Manipur to make it to an India team

first_imgAdvertisement18-year-old left-arm pacer Rex Rajkumar Singh becomes the first from Manipur to make it an Indian side after he picked up all 10 wickets in an innings during a Cooch Behar Under-19 Trophy match against Arunachal Pradesh.In December 2018, 18-year-old left-arm pacer Rex Rajkumar Singh made the cricketing fraternity sit up and take notice after achieving the rare feat of picking up all 10 wickets in an innings during a Cooch Behar Under-19 Trophy match against Arunachal Pradesh in Anantpur. His figures of 9.5-6-10-11 were simply staggering and even drew comparisons with the veteran pacer Irfan Pathan.The hardwork he has put in has finally reaped rewards as he becomes the first player from Manipur to be selected in a representative Indian team. Rex was picked in India’s Under-19 squad for the 4-day games against South Africa U-19 this month.Born in Sagolband Moirang Hanuba, Rex’s journey to cricket began with a tennis ball in front of a small ground near his house. “I used to practice Taekwondo and play football in the ground but the interest never materialised,” said Rex.It was there that Ph Rohendro Singh, who is currently his coach, noticed his talent and brought about the transition from tennis ball cricket to the leather one.“What caught my eye was that even as a 10-year-old he was bowling quick and maintained discipline. That prompted me to take him under my wings and today I am happy that he has excelled,” said coach Rohendro Singh.“Bowling at the age of 10-11 with a leather ball helped me a lot. Added to that my coach guided me well on how to hold the ball and also told me the importance of the wrist position,” recalled Rex.It was not long before Rex’s first notable performance came in his initial BCCI tournament in Ranchi in 2014 where he picked up a five-wicket haul against Bihar U-16. Since then he’s never looked back, making an impact in every chance that has come his way.His impressive performances in Cooch Behar Trophy opened the door for a spot in Manipur’s Ranji Trophy squad. Thereafter he did feature in a couple of first-class games but what caught everyone’s attention was his ability to move the red ball in the air.Asked on who he admired, Rex named Anderson citing to the wrist positions that the England bowler had at display. “I love the way he grips and swings the ball and I watch his videos on youtube. Mithcell Starc is another bowler that I am looking forward to learn from,” he said.Training sessions at the National Cricket Academy (NCA) helped the teenager get meaningful insights into the game. “It was an eye-opener. I came across certain aspects of the game that I had never thought of before. I was told of how to manage my diet and focus on my action,” he said.“Now I know that to play at the top-level I need to grow my patience, work on my abilities and keep repeating my performances,” he further added.Rex is also thankful to his father, who is a truck driver in Imphal, for supporting him financially. “For us, cricket is an expensive game and I am happy that I could make them proud. My father supported a family of three single-handedly and never allowed my cricket to stop. So I am really very happy,” he concluded.Also Read:Cricket: MS Dhoni speculated to be honoured with a stand at the JSCA Stadium. Advertisement Also Read:last_img read more

Experts share updates on role of low calorie sweeteners in diet and

first_imgRelated StoriesDiabetes patients experiencing empathy from PCPs have beneficial long-term clinical outcomesMothers with gestational diabetes transferring harmful ‘forever chemicals’ to their fetusHealthy high-fiber diet could reduce preeclampsia riskThroughout the day, experts emphasised that the safety of approved low calorie sweeteners has been repeatedly confirmed by regulatory authorities around the world such as the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/ World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Dr Rebeca López-García, an experienced consultant toxicologist from Mexico, noted that “We can be confident about the safety of low calorie sweeteners currently approved for use in foods and beverages, as all sweeteners have undergone rigorous safety evaluations by food safety authorities prior to their approval for use, resulting in the assignment of an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI).”The conference ended with a lively panel discussion aiming at addressing the role of low calorie sweeteners in sugar reduction from a public health perspective. As summarised by the chair of the session, Prof Peter Rogers, Professor of Biological Psychology at the University of Bristol, UK, the panel speakers concluded that: “By replacing sugars, low calorie sweeteners can be a useful tool for food reformulation and a helpful way, among a pool of other strategies, for managing current issues of public health concern, notably sugar reduction and obesity”.With this conclusion in mind, the ISA will continue to work, together with other stakeholders, to make sure that positive solutions will be find to the global challenges posed by non-communicable diseases. Opening the conference with a keynote speech, Prof Adam Drewnowski, Director of the Center for Public Health Nutrition at the University of Washington, Seattle, USA, presented recent studies showing that low calorie sweeteners’ use is related to a higher overall diet quality and can help people meet nutrition recommendations to reduce excess sugar intake. During a session on the role of low calorie sweeteners in weight management, current evidence was shown to support the intended benefits of low calorie sweeteners as being helpful in reducing excess calories from sugars and thus in weight loss. Presenting for the first time outcomes of network and pairwise meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials, which provide a better protection against bias, Dr John Sievenpiper, Associate Professor at the University of Toronto, Canada, concluded that low calorie sweeteners have the intended benefit and clarified that one shouldn’t expect that low calorie sweeteners will cause weight loss by themselves, but can be useful if used to replace sugars leading to a reduction of energy intake over sufficient periods of time. A topical subject covered during the third session of the ISA conference was the role of low calorie sweeteners in diabetes management. The discussion evidenced that replacing sugar with low calorie sweeteners can also be a helpful strategy to aid glucose control in people with diabetes. Reviewing all available published data, Dr Hugo Laviada-Molina, a clinical endocrinologist and Professor at the Marist University of Mérida, Mexico, concluded that, “Evidence from human clinical trials confirm that low calorie sweeteners do not affect blood glucose levels and other indexes of glycaemia”. Moreover, addressing the much-debated topic of low calorie sweeteners and gut microbiota, Prof Ian Rowland, Professor at Reading University, UK, concluded that, while frequently discussed in media, current evidence does not support that low calorie sweeteners have adverse effect on insulin sensitivity or on overall health via impact on gut microbiota. Source:https://www.sweeteners.org/category/5/research/365/low-calorie-sweeteners-can-be-part-of-dietary-guidelines-to-help-in-sugar-reductioncenter_img Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 7 2018The latest research on low calorie sweeteners’ use, benefits and role in the diet were discussed today at the 3rd International Sweeteners Association (ISA) Conference in London, themed “The science behind low calorie sweeteners: where evidence meets policy”. With the mission to inform on the most up-to-date nutritional and scientific information on low calorie sweeteners, the ISA invited 17 internationally renowned experts to share updates on the role of low calorie sweeteners in the diet and in overall health.last_img read more

Experimental gene therapy extends lifespan of mice suffering from untreatable mitochondrial disease

first_img Source:https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/health-news/experimental-gene-therapy-tripled-the-lifespan-of-mice-suffering-from-a-severe-mitochondrial-disease Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Dec 20 2018Researchers at the University of Helsinki and Folkhälsan Research Center have, together with their collaborators, for the first time demonstrated in a mouse model that partial restoration of respiratory chain function in mitochondria, which serve as cellular power plants, may be sufficient to entirely prevent symptoms of a severe mitochondrial disorder.The model employed in the study was based on the cross-breeding of two mouse strains: one developed by Professor Vineta Fellman’s research group, carrying the human GRACILE syndrome patient mutation, and mice expressing alternative oxidase (AOX), which was provided by Professor Howard Jacobs and Dr Marten Szibor. GRACILE syndrome is a currently untreatable mitochondrial disease belonging to the Finnish disease heritage.Related StoriesNanoparticles used to deliver CRISPR gene editing tools into the cellResearchers capture high-resolution, 3D images of gene-editing enzymesComprehensive gene activity database could significantly reduce animal useMammals do not normally have the AOX gene, but since mitochondria are so similar in all organisms, it maintains its function even after being transferred from a sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis) to mice. AOX is a mitochondrial enzyme that has the ability to improve electron flow in the respiratory chain when a part of the chain, complex III in this case, becomes dysfunctional due to a disease-causing mutation.In the recently published study, the research group headed by Professor Fellman and Docent Jukka Kallijärvi found out that a fatal cardiac disease did not develop at all in mice carrying the AOX transgene. Subsequently, the mice lived three times longer than the control group. Furthermore, AOX improved their kidney disease and brain cell changes.”The AOX transgene extended the lifespan of the mice dramatically by enhancing respiration in the tissues that require the most energy, such as the heart. Of course, such a transgene cannot be used to treat humans, but our remarkable findings encourage further investigations in this and other mouse models for mitochondrial diseases. An interesting experiment would be, for example, to use a virus to express AOX in the sick tissues,” Kallijärvi notes.last_img read more

Nitrogenrich diet reduces mosquitoes ability to transmit Zika

first_imgScientists are interested in the virus because it can make people sick and in rare cases may cause paralysis (Guillain-Barré Syndrome) and birth defects. Zika made frequent headlines in 2015 and 2016 after an outbreak of the virus in Brazil made its way to people in Florida and other places. Scientists believe the yellow fever mosquito – scientifically known as Aedes aegypti — was the primary culprit behind that Zika outbreak.In the new study, researchers manipulated the amount and type of detritus — animal and plant material – provided to mosquito larvae.They discovered that mosquitoes developed more rapidly and grew larger as adults if they were reared in a nitrogen-rich environment. Scientists also found the young mosquitoes with more animal material in their diets were less susceptible to infection and transmitting the Zika virus as adults.Related StoriesExploring the possibility of a broadly effective dengue vaccineFDA approves first vaccine for prevention of dengue disease in endemic regionsStudy shows how the mosquito immune system combats malaria parasitesConversely, scientists found that mosquitoes fed no animal material were more likely to become infected and transmit the Zika virus. Although scientists don’t know why that’s the case, it’s likely that changes in the animal and plant material they eat — and its associated nutrition — relates to the mosquitoes’ immune system response, said Alto, a faculty member at the UF/IFAS Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory (FMEL) in Vero Beach, Florida.For the experiment, Alto supervised a research team that put 10 treatment groups of mosquitoes into buckets of water with varying amounts of dead crickets – the animal material — and leaves, or so-called “detritus.” Scientists raised mosquito larvae in the buckets and captured adults.Then, they gave the adult female mosquitoes a blood meal infected with the Zika virus. Following a 15-day incubation period, scientists tested various aspects of mosquitoes, including their saliva for the Zika virus. They also measured the amount of nitrogen and carbon in the mosquitoes. They found that the more nutrient-deprived conditions made mosquitoes more prone to get infected with Zika and transmit the virus.Among those Alto supervised for the experiment was Andrew Paige, a post-baccalaureate research fellow with the National Institutes of Health, who helped conduct this research while at FMEL.”We hope this research will lay the foundation for understanding how nutrition can factor into outbreaks of viral disease, improve our predictive modeling and ultimately work toward preventative measures,” Paige said. “Before we can stop transmission, we need a holistic understanding how it works in the lab and in nature.” Source:University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural SciencesJournal reference:Alto, B.W. et al. (2019) Linking nutrient stoichiometry to Zika virus transmission in a mosquito. Oecologia. doi.org/10.1007/s00442-019-04429-6. Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jun 24 2019Feed mosquitoes more nitrogen when they’re young, and the adults are less likely to transmit the Zika virus, University of Florida scientists say. Now, researchers want to know why, and they’re determined to discover how the findings can help further their research into the dangerous virus.In a new study, researchers with the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and the University of Southern Mississippi examined how quality and quantity of food ingested by the yellow fever mosquito affect its biology, including its ability to become infected by, and potentially transmit, the Zika virus. Studies such as these lay the groundwork for future research that will help us understand the relationships between nutrition and the process of infecting mosquitoes.”Barry Alto, a UF/IFAS associate professor of entomology and lead researcher on the new studylast_img read more